The Romanian Border Police has constantly pursued - within the institutional transforming processes carried out in the last years - to set up a functional, modern institution, compatible with the similar structures from the E.U. Member States and capable to counter the cross-border crime phenomena efficiently.
The reorganizations carried out in progressive stages, starting with 2001, had into view the optimization of the structure, in particular the improvement of the working practices and the development of the efficiency in surveillance and physical control of the Romanian borders, and also aimed to offer a response to the risks generated by cross-border crime, enhance the capacity to elaborate the operational risk analysis and, last but not least, to create the conditions necessary for increasing the training capacity of the staff.
Also, after Romania's accession to the European Union, connection structures between our structure and the European institutions were set up, realizing thus a direct communication channel, especially on operational line (e.g.: FRONTEX National Contact Point, border contact points and centers, etc.).
Depending on the cross-border crime evolution and the requirements imposed by the quality of European Union member and Schengen Agreement signatory, the Romanian Border Police will act in the future to change its organizational structure so that the efficiency of its activities is maintained at a maximum level.
Today, according to the provisions of the E.G.O. No 104/2001, updated, the Romanian Border Police has the following organizational structure:
General Inspectorate of Border Police;
The General Inspectorate of Border Police is the central unit of the Romanian Border Police, with juridical entity and territorial competence for the entire responsibility area of the Border Police, which conducts the leadership activities and is responsible for the entire activity of the Border Police, performs investigation and research activities of serious acts of organized crime, illegal migration and cross-border crime committed in the territorial competence area of the Border Police, as well as any other duties assigned by law.
The General Inspectorate of Border Police is lead by a general inspector, appointed by order of the Minister of Interior, assisted by deputies.
The General Inspectorate of Border Police has directorates, services and offices in its organizational structure.
Border Police Territorial Inspectorates and Coast Guard (subordinated to the General Inspectorate of Border Police);
The Border Police Territorial Inspectorates and the Coast Guard are distinct units within the General Inspectorate of Border Police, with established territorial competence.
They are organized, internally, in services, offices and departments, which are specialized on fields of activity.
Within the Territorial Inspectorates and the Coast Guard, territorial services, sectors and ship groups function as execution structures, with limited territorial competence.
The Territorial Inspectorates of Border Police and the Coast Guard have juridical personality and the capacity of third budget manager, with the following duties:
coordination, control and responsibility for the entire activity of the subordinated structures on state border check and surveillance for the purpose of preventing and countering illegal migration, cross-border crimes and ensuring the observance of the state border juridical regime;
unitary implementation of the Romanian Border Police Concept on the state border check and surveillance, of the Instructions of application of Regulation EC nr. 562/2006 and other related national and European legal acts;
efficient deployment of forces, equipments and mobility means, depending on the existent operational situation at the level of a certain border and on the risk analysis;
efficient cooperation with the similar institutions of the neighbouring state, based on bilateral cooperation documents;
human resources, financial and logistics management at the level of the structure.
Border Police Territorial Services (subordinated to the Border Police Territorial Inspectorates and the Coast Guard);
Border Police Territorial Services, subordinated to the Border Police Territorial Inspectorates and the Coast Guard, function in the border counties and have the following duties:
organization and performance of actions - independently or together with the cooperation bodies within county radius - aiming to prevent and counter illegal migration and cross-border crimes (implementation of the 4th tier of the Integrated Border Security System);
performing informative-operational activities, activities of investigation of serious crimes related to illegal migration and organized cross-border crime;
upon requests of the sectors within the radius of county, carrying out support actions of border crossing check and surveillance, in order to prevent the infringement of the specific legislation.
Border Police Sectors (subordinated to the B.P. Territorial Inspectorates);
They are execution structures within the Territorial Inspectorates of Border Police and the Coast Guard with limited competence and organized on compartments and shifts, according to the specific of the activities.
Border Police Ship Groups (subordinated to the B.P. Territorial Inspectorates);
They are execution structures within the Coast Guard, with limited competence and organized on compartments, shifts and crews, according to the specific of the activities.
Border Police Points (subordinated to the subordinated to the Border Police Sectors and Ship Groups);
They function based on the provisions of the bilateral agreements between Romania and the neighbouring states, national legislation in force, being both under the subordination of the B.P. Sectors and the Ship Groups and under the direct subordination of General Inspectorate of Border Police (in the inland counties).
education institutions for personnel training and specialization;
They ensure initial and continuous training of the Border Police personnel, contributing substantially to the increase of the professional training level, based on a high performance system, which corresponds to the security requirements of the Romanian border and to the European practices in this field.