The Romanian Border Police is part of the Ministry Internal Affairs and is the specialized state institution which carries out the tasks appertaining to it and referring to the surveillance and control of the crossing of the state border, the prevention and fight against illegal migration and against acts specific to cross border criminality carried out in its area of competence, to the compliance with the judicial regime of the state border, passports and foreigners, the ensuring of the interests of the Romanian state at the lower Danube and the Macin and Sulina Canal located outside the border area, in the contiguous area and in the economic area located in the exclusive economic area, the keeping of public order and peace in its area of competence under the conditions of the law (art. 1 of the Emergency Ordinance no. 104 of June 27th 2001 regarding the organising and functioning of the Romanian Border Police).
A relatively young body, but with a century-old tradition in ensuring order at the Romanian borders, the Border Police proves to be an institution with its own personality and individuality for carrying out missions, being able to highlight, from the very moment the border is crossed, the true image of the state of law and the genuine democracy and civilisation of the Romanian people.
Responsible for approximately 3.150 km of borders, the Romanian Border Police permanently deals with the extremely varied problems and illegal means of transiting the Romanian border, starting with the illegal migration, drug, gun and stolen vehicle trafficking and finishing with smuggling - in all its forms of manifestation.
Organized in a way similar to the model of the institutions in European Union states, the Romanian Border Police makes important efforts in the field of prevention and fight against the cross border criminal phenomena and in carrying out and complying with the internal and international legislation in force so that at the Romanian borders, its specific activities match the international standards.